Why We Do What We Do: Understanding Self-Motivation

Why We Do What We Do Understanding Self Motivation If you reward your children for doing their homework they will usually respond by getting it done But is this the most effective method of motivation No says psychologist Edward L Deci who challeng

  • Title: Why We Do What We Do: Understanding Self-Motivation
  • Author: Edward L. Deci Richard Flaste
  • ISBN: 9780140255263
  • Page: 146
  • Format: Paperback
  • If you reward your children for doing their homework, they will usually respond by getting it done But is this the most effective method of motivation No, says psychologist Edward L Deci, who challenges traditional thinking and shows that this method actually works against performance The best way to motivate people at school, at work, or at home is to support their seIf you reward your children for doing their homework, they will usually respond by getting it done But is this the most effective method of motivation No, says psychologist Edward L Deci, who challenges traditional thinking and shows that this method actually works against performance The best way to motivate people at school, at work, or at home is to support their sense of autonomy Explaining the reasons why a task is important and then allowing as much personal freedom as possible in carrying out the task will stimulate interest and commitment, and is a much effective approach than the standard system of reward and punishment We are all inherently interested in the world, argues Deci, so why not nurture that interest in each other Instead of asking, How can I motivate people we should be asking, How can I create the conditions within which people will motivate themselves An insightful and provocative meditation on how people can become genuinely engaged and succesful in pursuing their goals Publisher s Weekly

    One thought on “Why We Do What We Do: Understanding Self-Motivation”

    1. Recommended highly, but with significant caveats (thus the three stars).The simple, brilliant insight of this book for me was as follows (vastly simplified from the author's full theory, of course):People do things effectively -- whether it is to work, to learn, or to cooperate in any social relationship -- when they are "self-motivated". This means they must be (1) technically capable of doing what they are doing, (2) understand, not just "know", why they are doing that they are doing, (3) feel [...]

    2. I have a few messages for all of you reading this bookn't waste your time on work that you don’t enjoy. It is obvious that you cannot succeed in something that you don’t like. Patience, passion, and dedication come easily only when you love what you do. IT IS stupid to be afraid of others’ opinions. Fear weakens and paralyzes you. If you let it, it can grow worse and worse every day until there is nothing left of you, but a shell of yourself. LiSten to your inner voice and go with it. Some [...]

    3. "Why We Do What We Do: Understanding Self-Motivation" é um bom livro mas não vai além disso. Aquando da sua leitura precisará de se levar em conta dois elementos: o primeiro, que o livro é de 1995; e o segundo que Edward Deci, conjuntamente com Richard Ryan, são duas das maiores autoridades no campo da Motivação. Porque digo isto? Porque aquilo que Deci aqui apresenta é para nós em 2015 algo já assimilado, apesar da sociedade muitas vezes o esquecer, mas se o é hoje aceite deve-se a [...]

    4. Hmmmmwell I suspect I suffer from the malady of wanting to read more 'textbook' like renditions of psychological/sociological material because I just can't get into the whole Daniel Pink era of (what feels like to me) really simplified extrapolations of scientific research. I prefer to read the 'drier' stuff and draw my own conclusionsWith this one, the conclusions and recommendations drawn and made by Deci just seemed so very intuitive and common sense given the basic outcomes of the research, [...]

    5. Based in decades of research about how people get motivated, the message of the book is quite clear: Develop an autonomous self that has resilience in the face of people wanting to control you, and you will live a better life.The ramifications for any profession that can be considered a service -- education, medical, government are that we need to treat people in ways that empower them to be their autonomous selves rather than try to control them.On a more granular, education-focused, level, his [...]

    6. B. F. Skinner, who many believe to be the father of behavioral psychology, believed in consequences. If good behavior is rewarded, it will be repeated. If we punish bad behavior, it will cease. This has been a mainstay with parenting, teaching, coaching, and in the business world for the better part of the 20th century and continues to be a prevailing thought today.Then we have Edward L. Deci and his band of psychologists that say, “Wait, hold up everybody!”Deci says that motivation is deriv [...]

    7. Again, I was assigned this book for reading for a class, and I have a mixed opinion. The content, meaning the ideas, concepts and implications of the author's message, is probably in the 4-5 star range. Deci's research showed very interesting things about what motivates us, and more importantly what doesn't. A few key points: rewarding someone for an activity they would have intrinsically enjoyed, results in them engaging in that activity less when the rewards are removed, even though they natur [...]

    8. "At the heart of human freedom is the experience of choice." This was a very well researched and interesting study of the importance of letting individuals be "autonomy-supportive" or in other words making choices because of their own internal motivation. There are so many applications in this book from parenting to teaching and government. The importance of not being controlled and the responsibility that come with it are what lead us as humans to become most actualized. Definitely recommended [...]

    9. Good information, but could have been a lot more concise. I've read textbooks that are more interesting to read. I forced myself to read most of it because it was recommended reading for work.

    10. In fairly simple writing, Why We Do What We Do: Understanding Self-Motivation by Edward L. Deci and Richard Flaste explains that humans perform best when they are totally “autonomous” with themselves and free from extrinsic motivations such as fame, money, and external pressures. The process of reading not only served as a valuable learning experience but also triggered moments of thoughtful self-reflection. The book's reasoning of how "people can be controlling with themselves to satisfy [...]

    11. Although this was a book for University, I found it really interesting.This book looks at how we do what we do and the reasons for this and in many ways why we are maybe not fulfilling our potential and creating the lives we want to have.

    12. One of the Important original work of Deci on Autonomy and Self-Motivation. Written more than two decades ago and still formed a great part of the basic fundamental of Self-Determination Theory.

    13. Could be significantly shortened, many of the main points of the book are tortured or needlessly reiterated.

    14. Really interesting book, however I do not understand the "self motivation" part in it. What I learned from the book, is that intrinsic motivation is what really makes me do what I do, but definetly did not explained how to use\improve it.

    15. Bagi sebagian orang, kalo hari gini masih ngomongin tema "motivasi" mungkin udah kedengeran BASI kali yah? Ada puluhan atau bahkan ratusan orang di Indonesia yang meng-klaim dirinya sebagai seorang "motivator", sibuk hampir setiap hari ngomong berbusa-busa tentang motivasi, memberi dorongan semangat pada berbagai kalangan/lapisan masyarakat yang telah jemu dengan rutinitas dan kehidupannya.Sebagian besar para "motivator" itu biasanya punya resep jitu yang ampuh, seperti memberikan analogi, mengu [...]

    16. I checked out this book from the local library based on a book I recently listened to on CD, _Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us_ by Daniel Pink (which reminds me, I still have to put that book on my read list!). At the end of the book (as in many of this type) there is a list of books to read for more information about the topic of motivation.Why We Do What We Do is the second book I have read from that list (the first, Born Standing Up, was also really great), and I am so glad [...]

    17. A good overview of the author's research on the psychology of motivation. The first half of the book examines how deadlines, pressure, threats, and even rewards have the paradoxical effect of reducing intrinsic motivation on many tasks. This happens because people shift their attention to external incentives and penalties. However, when people feel that they are choosing to do something because they want to do it, they tend to persist longer and learn better. Their feelings of autonomy and compe [...]

    18. recommended this book. It's fairly short (211 pages plus notes), and I read it in short segments, sometimes only a few pages a night, so that I could absorb it better. I'm following it up with other books that build on the premises established by Edward L. Deci and his coworkers over the past few decades. More recent books seem to amplify, apply, and illustrate the research Deci conducted. The compound word in the sub-title, "Self-Motivation," might require a whole new word, yet it is truly the [...]

    19. There were so many helpful insights in this book, but a few that really stood out for me were:* a better understanding of how to build autonomy supportive environments (not permissive ones). And what it means to actually support autonomy, Deci's whole take on the dynamics of one-up/one-down relationships was illuminating.* the importance of reflecting on one's own reactivity. I had never seen reactivity described as a manifestation of ego-involvement before. On the dangers of getting what you as [...]

    20. The message of this book was fascinating. It talks about what really motivates people to behave in certain ways and how to gain autonomy in our actions. It is very applicable to raising children, being a good leader, and just being a better person. The only problem with the book is that it required my absolute attention to understand. I sometimes had to re-read to get what the author was saying. It was worth it, though! It also helped that the book wasn't too long. When you are able to focus men [...]

    21. This book was hard for me to get into, as it was far more academic than I expected. However, the content makes it more than worth the effort to adjust to the tone and scope of the book.One of the central ideas in the book is the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and the far different results (short and long term) you get get from each. He spends a lot of time discussing studies and examples involving children, comparing traditional extrinsic motivators (e.g. rewards for obedi [...]

    22. Edward Deco summarizes four decades of research on human motivation for a lay audience. Should be required reading for parents, teachers, and managers. It's sad that even though these findings have been around since the late sixties (see "Personal Causation" by Christopher deCharms), most of us are still functioning in a behaviorist carrots-and-sticks model. Much unnecessary suffering can be avoided by taking seriously the practical implications of these findings. For those wanting to see the or [...]

    23. This is a more or less popular press summary of the many years of research Deci did with his colleague Richard Ryan and others. It's kind of an oddly placed book, as it's a bit techy for a popular audience but at times too basic for an academic audience. For me, it was a good quick summary to get up to speed before taking a class on motivation.In fact, I only finished about 2/3 of the book, because the semester is starting and it's time to put the "pleasure" reading aside, but what I read was he [...]

    24. Some good stuff here. Deci argues convincingly that rewards and bonuses, far from doing good, actually demotivate people in the long run. He distinguishes between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation; intrinsic is when people do things because they have chosen to; because they have internalised the values and take pride in their work. He argues that the best way to motivate people is to give them as much responsibility as you can, to involve them in the decision making wherever possible, basically [...]

    25. A very good read. I enjoyed all the scientific evidence that was able to back-up the practice of self-knowledge, autonomy, and autonomy support; in the book I have been using the term self-awareness side by side with self-knowledge because it seemed very relevant. I also could not help but think about eastern philosophy and practices while reading Deci's book. It brought back memories of Buddha, Osho, and Atisha as I compare awareness with Deci's definitions and descriptions of intrinsic motivat [...]

    26. Book #1 of the 14 I will have to read for my Managerial Psychology class over the next few months. The content was reasonably interesting, but the book does still fall into the dry academic category in my opinion. Learned some interesting things about autonomy-supportive vs controlling leadership/parenting/teaching/etc styles and a lot about choice. Wouldn't have picked it up on my own, but worthwhile read.

    27. My key takeaways from this book:- autonomous vs controlled (compliance and defiance both being aspects of control)- autonomy-supportive vs permissive (setting limits)- balance autonomy and interpersonal connected- autonomy-supportive is always better for the development of the person, regardless of their circumstances - integrated vs introjected rules & values (introjection leads to stress and pressure (cf control))

    28. This is my first read even in psychology. The book started boring (or I thought so),with the motif repeating too often. Then half way through the book I started to getthe author's view point on self-autonomy.This book speaks to me, exactly what I am looking for.I am lucky enough to have read it right after Fooled By Randomness, the two authors have many similarities in the writing style.Going to re-read it in few days.

    29. This book lacked the substance and gravity of either Kahneman's "Thinking, Fast and Slow" or Mcgonigal's "Willpower Instinct". It felt more like a grandfather's meander through life's lessons supplemented with personal anecdotes about children he's met along the way. Deci's points coincide nicely with the research published elsewhere, much of which he pioneered, but the presentation of it in this book limits it's usefulness.

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