Probability A Very Short Introduction stars until the very end, when counter intuitive, and, as far as I ve been able to research, false, statements about probability are stated but not even attempted to be explained, like that series of three of coin tosses aren t supposedly all equally likely to occur. Probability Probability is the measure of the likelihood that an event will occur See glossary of probability and statistics.Probability is quantified as a number between and , where, loosely speaking, indicates impossibility and indicates certainty The higher the probability of an event, the likely it is that the event will occur. Probability of default Probability of default PD is a financial term describing the likelihood of a default over a particular time horizon It provides an estimate of the likelihood that a borrower will be unable to meet its debt obligations PD is used in a variety of credit analyses and risk management frameworks. Lies, Damned Lies, Statistics, and Probability of Every so often, someone comes up with the statement the formation of any enzyme by chance is nearly impossible, therefore abiogenesis is impossible Often they cite as evidence an impressive looking, but ultimately erroneous, probability calculation. Random Variables and Probability Distributions De nition The function f whose value for each real number xis given by , or equiva lently by , is called the probability function of the random variable X. Markov Chains and Stochastic Stability probability Markov Chains and Stochastic Stability by S.P Meyn and R.L Tweedie Originally published by Springer Verlag, This version compiled September, Suggested citation S.P Meyn and R.L Tweedie , Markov chains and stochastic stability Springer Verlag, London. Textbook Introduction to Probability, nd Edition An intuitive, yet precise introduction to probability theory, stochastic processes, statistical inference, and probabilistic models used in science, engineering, economics, and related fields. Harry Potter and the Methods of Rationality, Chapter A Disclaimer J K Rowling owns Harry Potter, and no one owns the methods of rationality This fic is widely considered to have really hit its stride starting at around Chapter . A Very Improbable Story Charlesbridge Math Adventures What are the odds Ethan wakes up one morning to find a very strange cat stuck on his head The cat, Odds, refuses to budge until Ethan wins a game of probability. Interactivate Activities Shodor Students play a generalized version of connect four, gaining the chance to place a piece on the board by solving an algebraic equation Parameters Level of difficulty of equations to solve and type of problem.