Rationality and the Reflective Mind

Rationality and the Reflective Mind In this book Keith Stanovich attempts to resolve the Great Rationality Debate in cognitive science the debate about how much irrationality to ascribe to human cognition Stanovich shows how the insigh

  • Title: Rationality and the Reflective Mind
  • Author: Keith E. Stanovich
  • ISBN: 9780195341140
  • Page: 486
  • Format: Hardcover
  • In this book, Keith Stanovich attempts to resolve the Great Rationality Debate in cognitive science the debate about how much irrationality to ascribe to human cognition Stanovich shows how the insights of dual process theory and evolutionary psychology can be combined to explain why humans are sometimes irrational even though they possess cognitive machinery of remarkablIn this book, Keith Stanovich attempts to resolve the Great Rationality Debate in cognitive science the debate about how much irrationality to ascribe to human cognition Stanovich shows how the insights of dual process theory and evolutionary psychology can be combined to explain why humans are sometimes irrational even though they possess cognitive machinery of remarkable adaptiveness Using a unique individual differences approach, Stanovich shows that to fully characterize differences in rational thinking, the traditional System 2 of dual process theory must be partitioned into the reflective mind and the algorithmic mind He posits that we need to supersede dual process theories with tripartite models of cognition The key operations of the algorithmic mind and the reflective mind that support human rationality are discussed in the book The key function of the algorithmic mind is to sustain the processing of decoupled secondary representations in cognitive simulation The key function of the reflective mind, in contrast, is to detect the need to interrupt autonomous processing and to begin simulation activities Stanovich uses the algorithmic reflective distinction to develop a taxonomy of cognitive errors that are made on tasks in the heuristics and biases literature He presents empirical data to show that the tendency to make these thinking errors is only modestly related to intelligence Using the new tripartite model of mind, Stanovich shows how rationality is a encompassing construct than intelligence when both are properly defined and that IQ tests fail to assess individual differences in rational thought Stanovich discusses the types of thinking processes that would be measured in an assessment of rational thinking.

    One thought on “Rationality and the Reflective Mind”

    1. This is absolutely fascinating work. Stanovich argues for making a division within type 2 processing, between the "reflective" and "algorithmic" mind, bringing his view into the pantheon of tripartite theories of mind (cf. Plato, Freud). But Stanovich's view is backed up with copious empirical studies from roughly the past 40 years, the sheer volume of which is communicated in a series of footnotes that eventually started to crack me up:"This debate has generated a very substantial literature of [...]

    2. Contents (including Figures and Tables):(view spoiler)[Preface01. Dual-Process Theory and the Great Rationality Debate– The Great Rationality Debate– Individual Differences in the Great Rationality Debate– Dual-Process Theory: The Current State of Play– – Table 1.1. Some Alternative Terms for Type 1 and Type 2 Processing Used by Various Theorists– Properties of Type I and Type 2 Processing– Dual-Process Theory and Human Goals: Implications for the Rationality Debate– The Rest of [...]

    3. Clearly articulated book. A priori not the most interesting subject for me. But very well written and that made it interesting

    4. Fine for what it is, but its single-discipline, empirical approach seems remarkably insular. Really, every claim needs to have the disclaimer ".ming that evaluations of the performance of college students to test questions under test circumstances reliably illustrate how people of all ages, cultures and aptitudes make decisions under all other circumstances."

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